Grammar For Beginners: All About Nouns


1.   Common Nouns

Common nouns are names given to ordinary objects.
They can be identified by ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’.
Examples: the shoe, a kitchen, an apple.

2.   Proper Nouns

Proper nouns are names given to people, places, days, months, ideologies, subjects or titles.
They always begin with capital letters.
Examples: July, China, Friday.

3.   Pronouns

Pronouns are substitutes for nouns, taking the place of nouns that precede or follow them.
Examples: I, hers, myself, who.

We have four types of pronouns:

  1. Personal pronouns indicate a person or group. Examples: he, she, they
  2. Possessive pronouns indicate ownership. Examples: his, hers, theirs
  3. Relative pronouns introduces dependent clauses in sentences. Examples: who, whoever, that, which, when, where, whose
  4. Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject of the sentence. Examples: himself, herself, myself

4.   Abstract Nouns

Abstract nouns refer to something that cannot be seen, touched or measured, such as a feeling or emotion.
Examples: anger, happiness, romance.

Writing Tip: Powerful writing needs precise nouns.

Don’t say: A tree was situated in between the two dwellings and she couldn’t see the other one from where she lived.
Do say: An oak tree blocked Sarah’s view of the cottage from her house.

Look out for the next post on adjectives.

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If you enjoyed this post, read:

  1. Abstract Nouns
  2. The Passive Voice Explained
  3. Three Nagging Grammar Questions Answered
  4. 30 Examples To Help You Master Concord