Welcome to our Grammar For Beginners series. I have been writing about parts of speech, and I will be writing about articles today.
What are parts of speech?
Language is made up of different words with different functions. These words are are known as parts of speech.
“In the English language, words can be considered as the smallest elements that have distinctive meanings. Based on their use and functions, words are categorised into several types or parts of speech.” (From Parts of Speech) A part of speech is also sometimes known as a word class.
These categories are:
Today I will be discussing articles.
All About Articles
Articles are words that introduce and give information about nouns. There are only two articles: ‘a’ and ‘the’. One is an indefinite article and the other a definite article. Articles are one of the most common words in languages, and ‘the’ is the most frequently used word in English.
This article does not refer to a specific object.
‘A’ is known as the indefinite article because it points out an unspecified object. Examples: a car, a taxi, a teenager.
Tip: Use ‘an’ if words begin with a vowel or a vowel sound. Examples: an axe, an honourable politician, an unidentified woman.
This article refers to a specific object.
‘The’ is known as the definite article because it points out a particular object or class. Example: This is the cat I found.
Look out for next week’s post on pronouns.
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